Upper Mustang Trek

Package Details
  • Total Duration: 18 days
  • Trek Duration: 13 days
  • Trek Grade: Moderate to Adventurous
  • Max Elevation: 3780m at Lo Manthang
  • Mode of Trek: Teahouse
  • Trek Start: Jomsom
  • Trek Ends: Jomsom

“On the trans-Himalayan trade route, between the massif snow capped mountain range”

Mustang is the extension of the Tibetan plateau has an average elevation of over 3,000m. Located to the north of the highest mountains Dhaulagiri and Annapurna and to the north of the main Himalayan range and geographically part of the Tibet highlands. Mustang is the old kingdom of Lo. Officially the capital of the Mustang district is Jomsom, but the natural and original Tibetan customs, which is situated north of Kagbeni and is known as Upper Mustang.

It is a vast high valley, arid and dry, characterized by eroded canyons, colorful rock formations and has a barren, desert like appearance.

One of the most fascinating features of Mustang is literally thousands of cliff dwellings, some of which look completely inaccessible. Mustang was once a much greener land in theory way back 8-10,000 BC. The most when well known, intrepid explorers such as Professor David Snellgrove and the Italian scholar Guiseppi Tucci visited Mustang in the 1950’s and it has largely been their tales of a Tibetan like arid region that has fuelled interest in the area.

Recognizing the special nature of this old, tiny kingdom, the Nepal Government has imposed a surcharge for anyone wishing to trek past Kagbeni, the border of Upper Mustang. Only the organized trekking groups are allowed in for the first time since March 1992, an opportunity for you to be a part of a small privileged minority to visit these remote frontiers of Nepal.

Our Mustang program, gives you an excellent options to visit the main town, Lo Manthang, and one or two of the villages beyond in this harsh, arid beautiful landscapes.

Outline itinerary

Day 01 Arrive at Kathmandu and transfer to hotel.
Day 02 Full day guided sightseeing tour in the Kathmandu Valley
Day 03 Drive to Pokhara (820m)
Day 04 Fly to Jomsom (2720m) and trek to Kagbeni (2858m)
Day 05 Trek to Chhusang (2920m)
Day 06 Trek to Samar (3290m)
Day 07 Trek to Ghiling (3600m)
Day 08 Trek to Tsarang (3520m)
Day 09 Trek to Lo Manthang (3780m) – The Capital of Mustang
Day 10 Rest day for local excursion of Lo Manthang
Day 11 Trek to Ghami (3440m)
Day 12 Trek to Syangboche
Day 13 Trek to Chussang
Day 14 Trek to Muktinath 93760m)
Day 15 Trek to Jomsom (2720m)
Day 16 Fly to Kathmandu via Pokhara
Day 17 Full day in Kathmandu
Day 18 Final Departure

Day 01: Arrive at Kathmandu (1300m) and transfer to hotel

On arrival at Kathmandu Tribhuvan International Airport, you will be greeted by our staff, who will escort you to the hotel, where our Sherpa guide or the office staff will give you a brief orientation about the hotel, Kathmandu itself, trekking, and the do's and don’ts of the area. They will also review any additional information that you might require while in Nepal, including an overview of the next day's sightseeing tour. In the evening, you will enjoy a complimentary welcome dinner at one of the finest traditional Nepalese restaurants in Kathmandu, with the necessary transfer to and from the hotel by taxi, bus. Overnight in hotel

Day 02: Guided sightseeing in Kathmandu valley

After your breakfast, you will precede to Kathmandu Durbar Square, where you will tour the ancient palace, the temple of Kumari, hailed as the living goddess of Nepal, Hanuman Dhoka and Kasthamandav Temple with a guide knowledgeable about Nepalese history, architecture, and religion. From there, you will proceed by taxi, bus to the Buddhist site, Swoyambhunath Stupa, also known as the "Monkey Temple" because of its lively troops of resident monkeys. You will then visit Pashupatinath Temple, the holiest shrine for Hindus, situated on the banks of the holy Bagmati River, a popular cremation site. Before returning to the hotel, you will visit Boudhnath Stupa, a Buddhist pilgrimage center and home to many colorful gompas, or monasteries. Once back at the hotel, you will receive a briefing about the trek and have a chance to meet your guides and ask any last minute questions before tomorrow morning's departure. Overnight in hotel

Day 03: Drive to Pokhara (820m) 06 Hrs

After an early breakfast, we will travel by tourist bus towards the scenic Pokhara highway. This is an interesting drive through the foothills of the Himalayas, made more comfortable in recent years by road repair. The drive continues with several stops on route before Pokhara. Upon reaching Pokhara, we will transfer to the hotel with enough time in the afternoon for a stroll around beautiful Phewa Lake. Overnight in Hotel

Day 04: Fly to Jomsom (2720m) and Trek to Kagbeni (2800m) 03 Hrs

After an early breakfast, you will transfer to the airport for a morning flight to Jomsom. It is quite a scenic flight of only 20 minutes and Jomsom the district headquarter of Mustang. It is also a major village on the Kali Gandaki area linking the age old Trans-Himalayan Salt Trade route to Tibet. From Jomsom onwards it is very windy in the afternoon. From Jomsom, the trek continues on the gradual path on the Kali Gandaki river bed for about 3 hrs and finally reaching at Ekley-bhatti village. After good stop here, an hour of easy walk reaches you to Kagbeni, which lies at the bank of two rivers. Kagbeni is an interesting windswept village situated on the main age-old Trans Himalayan salt trade route to Tibet via Upper Mustang area. Upon arrival, we will check in to the Lodge with afternoon free for a stroll around the village. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 05: Trek to Chussang (2920m) 06 Hrs

After leaving the Kagbeni village, the walk is uphill for half an hour leaving the Kali-Gandaki River behind for a while. The path leads to harsh barren countryside all the way with occasional stop, passing through few small villages as the walk progress coming to the village Tangbe, another hour of good walk brings you to the overnight stop at Chussang line up with few trees amidst the red earth surrounding. Chussang lies at the confluence of the Narsang stream and the Kali Gandaki River. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 06: Trek to Samar (3290m) 07 Hrs

Today’s walk leads first to Chele village after crossing the stream through the broken canyons and ruin castle walls on the surrounding cliffs, across the river from Chussang are some spectacular red eroded cliffs above the mouths of inaccessible caves. After crossing the small bridge an uphill walk for 45 minutes brings you to Chele village. Overnight at teahouse

Day 07: Trek to Ghiling (3600m) 07 Hrs

The walk today leads to a short climb above Samar village to a ridge, with a downhill leading to a large gorge past a Chorten painted red, black, yellow and white-all the colors are made from local rocks. The journey continues into another valley with juniper trees, after crossing the stream the walk follows uphill path to a ridge at 3,800m, the trail climbs over to another pass, from here the route descends to Shyangmochen, a small settlement with few tea shops at 3,710m. After a good break here, the trek continues to a gentle climb to a pass at 3,770m entering towards a huge valley, from here taking the right downhill path towards our overnight stop at Geling with its large fields of barley on the outskirt of the village. From Chele village the walk gets steeper for an hour up to the ridge at 3,130m, from here you can get a good view of Gyagar across a huge canyon. The trek continues with a slow climb on the windswept terrain till the pass is reached at 3,540m. From here a gradual descent leads you to Samar for the overnight stop. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 08: Trek Tsarang (3520m) 07 Hrs

From Geling, the route climbs gradually through the fields up the centre of the valley, passing below the Tama Gung settlements, the walk continues a long climb across the head of the valley to the Nye La pass 3,950m, the highest point of this trek. The pass itself happens to be the southern boundary of Lo. From here a gradual descend for half hour brings to junction; the right path leads direct to Tsarang while the left leads to Ghami village one of the main major of Lo region. Our route drops below the blue, grey and red cliffs across the valley to a steel bridge across the Tangmarchu River, the path climbs past to the long and magnificent stretch of “Mani” wall. Probably it is the longest one in Nepal. From here the final climb of the day brings to a 3,600m pass, after the last pass a gentle descent leads to the overnight halt at Charang, an interesting village with a maze of fields, willow trees and a huge five storey white Dzong and a red Gompa perched on the edge of the Kali Gandaki gorge. Tsarang has its own electricity system. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 09: Trek to Lo Manthang (3780m) the capital of Mustang 05 Hrs

Today's walk leads to our destination at Lo Manthang, the trek begins with a short descend crossing the Charangchu river with a steep climb on a ridge, then passing through the Tholung valley. The trail divert north with gentle climb as the valley ascends to a large Chorten, which marks the boundary between Tsarang and Lo, the climb follows to the stream, coming to a great wide windswept landscape, finally reaching the ridge at 3,850m a grand view of the walled large village of Lo-Manthang can be seen from this top. A short descent brings you to the stream that outlines the walled village, form here a short climb on the plateau leads you to the southern wall of Lo Manthang village. The only entrance to the village is from the northeast corner, so one has to circulate the wall to the main entrance gate sometimes. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 10: Rest day for local excursion of Lo Manthang

This large village contains about 150 houses plus number of resident for the lamas, the houses are closely packed, and the palace and monasteries are in the bottom portion in this vertical part of the L shaped houses. The school, health post, police post and several important chortens are located outside the walls to the north of the gate and east of the monastic part of the city. Despite the apparent squalor of Lo Manthang, the village is prosperous and maintains a strong sense of community. Though the people call themselves Lobas, people from Lo, they are very much Tibetan and practice a practical culture economy. Before strong trade with Tibet was disrupted, all of the salt and wool trade on the Kali Gandaki passed through Lo Manthang, and this brought a substantial amount of money to this great village town. The Mustang raja's palace stands an imposing 4 storey building in the centre of the city. It is the home of the present raja, Jigme Parbal Bista, and the Rani (queen), who is from the noble family of Shigatse on route Lhasa. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 11: Trek to Ghami (3400m) 07 Hrs

Today's walks is more of a descend with few short climb all the way to Ghami, once outside the walled Lo Manthang village-town the path leads to a steady climb to the pass offering the last glimpse of Lo Manthang, the walk from here on is more or less gradual on the downhill slopes most of the way to Ghami village. Ghami is another important village of this region. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 12: Trek to Syangboche (3800m) 04 Hrs

The trek today follows the straight route to the Nyi La, with a climb to the ridge and then contouring upwards and encountering the road from Tsarang. From the top of the ridge a steep descend awaits you all the way to Geling Valley. The trail continues bypassing Geling to a lone teahouse and then a gentle downhill to a small settlement of Tama Gung. A steep switchbacks trail leads to a stream; the trail climbs to a large painted Chorten to reach Syangboche. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 13: Retrace your steps to Chussang (2920m) 05 Hrs

Today you will retrace your steps back to Chussang with visiting Ching Si cave, one of the best caves to visit. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 14: Trek to Muktinath (3760m) 07 Hrs

Today the path leads to a slow climb for less than an hour towards the pass at 3,970m, after the pass the trek is on the downhill slope most of the way to Muktinath on much wider trail overlooking superb views of the Mt. Nilgiri and Tukuche peak in the far eastern and the plain of Kali Gandaki Valley, coming closer to Muktinath after 2-3 hours of walk, crossing the stream in the gorge then its uphill walk for an hour or so, till we reach the village of Dzong, from here the path is almost gradual all the way to Muktinath, and the walking gets much easier to the holy place of Muktinath for the overnight camp with ample time to visit the holy premises of Muktinath and its 108 ancient water spouts, believed to be the very source of the Kali-Gandaki River. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 15: Trek to Jomsom (2720m) 06 Hrs

From Muktinath onwards will be one of the most pleasant walk as you will lose altitude day by day. The trek follows an easy descends towards the Kaligandaki River Valley passing through the old village of Jharkot after an hour or more of this good walk. On reaching the river bed at Eklebhatti, there is a small settlement with few teahouses. From here onwards can get very windy in the afternoon time, the walk follows the gentle trail for another two hours till the large town village of Jomsom is reached for the overnight camp. Jomsom is headquarter of the Mustang region with a small airstrip just above by the river Kaligandaki. Here you will have ample time to celebrate with the local apple products like cider, brandy and juice this area from Kagbeni to Larjung is famous for its delicious apple and its product. Overnight at Teahouse

Day 16: Fly from Jomsom to Kathmandu via Pokhara

The flight time to Pokhara, are schedule for morning normally because of the wind in the afternoon, sometime the flight time can be delayed due to bad weather and other reason beyond our control. After getting the boarding pass depending upon the flight time enter the terminal for security check, this scenic flight from Jomsom takes about 25 minutes to Pokhara, a panoramic view of the snow capped peaks can be seen from the plane. Overnight in Hotel

Day 17: Full day in Kathmandu

Today you have whole day at leisure for relax or visit Thamel for shopping. Overnight in Hotel

Day 18: Transfer to airport for final departure

Keep the departure time of international flight in mind, and make sure to keep your confirmed air ticket and passport handy! Our staff will take you to the airport for your final departure from beautiful Nepal.
  • The Company is not liable for any refunds after the departure date of the scheduled itinerary.
  • Cancellation should be made 48 hours before departure and a 40% cancellation charge is approved besides tax, transportation and permit. See specific information below.
  • No refund will be given if the program ends before the provided itinerary date.
  • The Company is not to be held responsible for your early termination of a trek should our experienced leader feels it is unsafe for you to continue due to fitness and/or health issues
  • The Company is not liable for an unconvinced or rescheduling due to natural, political or bureaucratic circumstances
  • The Company is not responsible for delays caused by local weather conditions resulting in international flights being missed
  • The Company is not responsible for the financial implications of rescue. Please ensure you have the appropriate insurance to cover these situations before you arrive in Nepal
  • Our staffs are very experienced in leading treks at all altitudes. It is their responsibility to ensure your safety, their conclusions regard safety are final and should you not follow their advice the Company cannot be held responsible for the outcome.
If you wish to cancel your trip for any reason the following scale of charges will apply:

Date of Cancellation Charge Incurred

2 months before departure Loss of deposit (40% of Total Trip Cost TTC)
29 days to 2 months before departure 50% of TTC
10 to 28 days before departure 70% of TTC
Less than 10 days before departure 100% of TTC