Brief Introduction of the Locations
Kathmandu: Situated at an elevation of 1336 meters, Kathmandu is the Capital city and the largest city of Nepal. Kathmandu Valley covers an area of 218 sq. miles which comprises of three cities, namely, Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Patan. All of these cities have equal historical significance. Kathmandu has now been growing up as one of the best tourist destinations in the world because of its diverse historical, cultural and social importance as well as its ancient architecture. There are seven historical sites in Kathmandu valley which are listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The three Durbar Squares are the major tourist sites of Kathmandu. All of them are listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. All of these Durbar Squares reflect the medieval architecture. Bhaktapur Durbar Square is also famous for clay pottery. Boudhanath is another famous tourist site in Kathmandu. It is situated 8km north-east of Kathmandu. It is the biggest stupa in Nepal. Every day thousands of Buddhist devotees visit Boudhanath. Swoyambhunath is another important Buddhist site in Kathmandu which is also called "Monkey Temple". It is the oldest stupa in Kathmandu which is believed to be built more than 2000 years ago. Pashupatinath is regarded as the biggest temple of Hindus in the world which is located on the bank of Bagmati River. Only Hindus are allowed to enter into the main temple but you can still visit around the temples even if you are not Hindu.
Apart from these important tourist places, there are many other beautiful places in Kathmandu which is worth to visit if you have enough time. Kapan Monastry is located at the north of Kathmandu which is rested on the top of a ridge from where you can have good view of Kathmandu valley. It is opened only for tourists. White Monastery is highly decorated Monastery located at the north west of Kathmandu which is opened on every Sunday for the public.
Pokhara: Pokhara is one of the most unique sub-tropical valley in the Himalaya and probably in the world, where one can marvel the beauty of the Himalayan landscape and reflection of the Annapurna massif including the towering majestic peak of Mt. Machhapuchhre on its beautiful lakes. Pokhara is situated in the mid western Nepal. It is linked by the main highway of 200 km driving distance from Kathmandu, and by air approximately 20 to 30 minutes flight with a sweeping panoramic view of the mid western Himalaya. Mother Nature has certainly blessed this fertile valley with outstanding scenery of the landscapes, snow capped mountains, moderate tropical climate, and beautiful pristine lakes of Begnas, Rupa and Fewa. Fewa lake is the second largest lake in Nepal and the most popular for the visitors because of its easy access.
The most stunning of Pokhara's sights is the magnificent panorama of the Annapurna range which forms its backdrop. Annapurna massif includes Annapurna I to IV and Annapurna South. Among these high peaks it is the towering majestic Mt. Machhapuchhre (Fish Tail) which dominates all others in this range Pokhara with its natural beauty is also a starting point of Nepal's most popular adventure destinations. Most of the trekking, mountaineering expeditions begin from this remarkable place and it's an ideal spot for all types of holiday makers.
Chitwan National Park: Chitwan National Park is the best preserved conservation area in Asia and the most visited National Park by tourists in Nepal which is enlisted in UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. Established in 1973 AD, the park covers an area of 932 sq. km which includes hilly areas of the Shiwalik Range covered by deciduous trees. The park is bounded by Rapti and Narayani rivers and the altitude ranges from 110 to 850 meters. Chitwan National Park used to be called "Royal Chitwan National Park" because it was a big game place for Royal Family of Nepal. But, after the People's Revolution in 2006 AD, the initial word of the name (Royal) has been deleted. The park is the home for the endangered species like single-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger. Other animals found in the park are rhesus monkey, leopard, sloth bear, wild boar, grey langur monkey, wild dog, small wild cats, marsh crocodile, the four species of deer and other animals. Similarly, it is also the home to 450 species of birds.
The Park offers interesting sites and activities, like Elephant safari, Jeep safari, canoeing etc. Elephant safari provides you great opportunity to have closer view of single-horned rhinoceros and you may get to see the Royal Bengal Tiger. A jeep safari through the jungle provides more game spotting opportunities than might be expected otherwise because it goes deeper into the jungle, usually beyond the beaten track. A thrilling tour in a four wheel drive into the heart of the park will enable you to view some of the rarest species of animals and birds.